Monozukuri: Literally mono= ‘thing’ and zukuri (tsukuru) ‘process of making’;

-> the process of making or creating things.

But the literal translation does not convey the real connotation of monozukuri.

The word has an more intense meaning; monozukuri is about having a state of mind, the spirit to produce not only excellent products but also have the the ability to constantly improve the production system and its processes.

Professor Takahiro Fujimoto (Manufacturing Management Research Center, University of Tokyo) has defined monozukuri as

“the duplication of design data into a material.” or the “art, science and craft of making things.”

The Japanese Institute for Trade and Organisation (JETRO) describes monozukuri as: ‘having the spirit of producing excellent products and the ability to constantly improve a production system and -process.’

… beautiful, insn’t it….

Steven Blom ( has been writing a book on monozukuri which is published in 2012.
It describes the subject from the Zen-Buddhist point of view.

The book can be downloaded in Dutch here:

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